Romanesque, Gothic and Renaissance Art/Architecture

The Learning Modules for this week focus on the development of Romanesque, Gothic and early Renaissance expressions.  You are now seeing how the hand, the eye and the heart/soul of the artist, through time, have documented life and offered interpretations of that life.  You have witnessed examples of pure GENIUS in the arts and will continue to do so throughout this Fall 2011 semester.  I don’t use the word GENIUS lightly.  William Blake, in his Annotations to Sir Joshua Reynolds Discourses (1808) stated:  “If art was progressive we should have had Michelangelos and Raphaels to succeed and improve upon each other.  But it is not so.  Genius dies with its possessor and comes not again until another is born with it.”  Do you agree with Reynolds’ notion of genius?  What are your thoughts on genius in the arts?


83 comments on “Romanesque, Gothic and Renaissance Art/Architecture

  1. Rick Blomberg says:

    If art was progressive we should have had Michelangelos and Raphaels to succeed and improve upon each other. But it is not so. Genius dies with its possessor and comes not again until another is born with it.

    I agree fully. I can see where there was a sort of a cut-off to where new great artists were supposed to spring up but never did. It takes talent and hard work to be considered a genius. It wasn’t just them being talented that got these great artists to be inspired and do amazing work. They worked hard at it every day and made it their profession and hobby all at once. That’s what it takes. Dedication and pride in your work. Also, to go along with William Blake’s quote, I agree that you cannot pass on genius to someone. If they are destined to be as great as you when you are training/teaching them your craft, they will be. If not, then they won’t and they will always have to live in that shadow. Genius is also in the opinion of the beholder. Some people say certain artists are crazy, but then centuries later people will say that he was “before his time” or misunderstood. You can usually tell the difference, but that doesn’t mean that some people think certain artists whom aren’t considered by the masses to be genius’, aren’t genius’. It’s all subjective.

    • Mitch Cain says:

      I agree. That genius does take work, yet it also requires an inborn talent. I think that is what makes genius, well, genius. Excellent post.

  2. Rick Blomberg says:

    What are your thoughts on the founding of the theories behind the Renaissance?
    Which image did you find yourself most drawn to as far as “liking” and why?
    Which image did you find the most “unappealing” and why?

    I can understand where everything transitioned. In the bible Adam and Eve are embarrassed of their nudity after biting of the forbidden fruit. It was in that day that they new of sin. So Christianity viewed it as sinful to be in the nude. Cover your shame. But also these pagans did a lot of off the wall things by today’s standards. With their orgies and their viewing or murders as entertainment. Just a thought. Of course it was a complete 180, so there will always be speculation.
    NIKE OF SAMOTHRACE is definitely my favorite image. It shows that anyone could’ve looked like that, and I believe that’s why there is no head. Maybe the head was damaged or vandalized, but if not I think that it could’ve been just that. Saying you can be this and live vicariously through this image. They do that a lot in multi-media. In video games you never see the character you are suppose to be playing, or when reading books you can put your own face on the main hero or main character. I think it was you that needed to use your imagination on it. I just enjoyed this sculpture altogether. It looks bronze, and then the wings just brings it all together. It’s very nice to look at. I wish I could see this up close.
    My least favorite image was LORENZO MAITANS LAST JUDGMENT. The faces of the people here are just horrendous. Very painful and scared, and the way their bodies look deformed and just sickly. I really don’t like looking at this image for too long. I don’t like it one bit. It’s easily my least favorite for this entire class. Yup….

  3. Kindra Cadet says:

    I don’t know that I agree with this comment. He is certainly entitled to his opinion, however, his idea of genius isn’t necessarily speaking for all. There were probably just as many people who were unimpressed or untouched by the same work he calls genius. That is the fascinating thing about art. The genius in a piece of art is dependent on whomever is viewing it. I do completely agree that art is progressive. Many times, art is a reflection of its time period, which is why we see such differences in art based on the time periods we have studies thus far. You can view artwork from 1000 years ago and get a sense about what life was like and what was going on during that time. 1000 years from now, the world’s idea of art will be much different than what we consider “genius” today.

    • Rick Blomberg says:

      But he specifically states two of the greatest artists of all time. He’s saying progressive, meaning things should’ve just gotten increasingly better after these guys… But has it? Not really. They did amazing works and to say that other people haven’t would definitely be wrong, and to say that from where they were to where we are now has made an increasingly large leap would be incorrect as well. Also, think of any artist today and tell me if you can call them a genius. And then look back at previous artists mentioned and say they weren’t genius’. You can’t.

  4. Heather Galloway says:

    As far as the term “genius” goes, I think that it’s all a matter of opinion. I believe that there are some artists that are phenomenal and conjure emotions in the viewer that others can’t, but I am also not an art expert or even a true fan. I mean, I know what I like and what I dislike but I don’t collect art or read about it in my spare time and I am definitely not passionate about it. I enjoy learning about it and am interested in the history of most of it. With that said, when I think of genius I think of Michelangelo or DaVinci. I am unaware of any current artists that are at that level.

    These two sections of Romanesque/Gothic and Renaissance are by far my least favorites of the semester. I’m not a christian and I don’t really find beauty in a building simply because it’s labeled a church. The Saint-Sernin,Toulouse, is quite simply a big, boring building. The Beauvais Cathedral and Milan Cathedral are ridiculous and pretentious in my opinion. The word excessive should be in both of their titles. The Pisa Cathedral Complex is simple and pretty. I appreciate the history of the creation of these buildings and what they have been through. My favorite image though was the Chatres Cathedral’s stained glass. I used to stain glass as a hobby, and am thoroughly impressed by the 43′ round window. I could only imagine the time it took to create and what it would look like in person.

    I’m going to agree with Blomberg that my favorite piece so far is the exquisite Nike of Samothrace because of its femininity and grace. I also agree that my least favorite in this section is The Last Judgement. I would imagine that that was the purpose of creating it – to put a terrible image in your mind about “going to hell” if you do bad things. Fear is an effective opinion maker. I do appreciate the theory of how “we” view our bodies had changed from “matter of factness” to “humiliation and shame” with the introduction of the christian faith. Why should we (myself included) be so ashamed of the only thing we are born with? It would be interesting to see the dynamics of our society had christianity just fallen away to the minorities and paganism maintained as the majority faith.

    • Rick Blomberg says:

      Yeah not too many options to choose from out of the “which did you prefer” section though. Other than that one, I didn’t really see one that I liked in particular. Strange. I guess these just weren’t my favorite eras haha.

  5. vincent taylor says:

    Of course there is some truth to Reynolds statement but in the broader spectrum of thought these words can be limiting. To say that genius dies with its possessor is discrediting to other individuals that may also be in possession of such great talents. Not only that but what about the inspiration brought on by the genius of those who pass on does that not constitute the everlasting memory of those individuals and bring a continuum of the genius they once possessed? So I guess I am saying that I don’t agree fully with the statement but do understand his perspective of it.

    • Lauren Lantrip says:

      Vincent, I think your response is very insightful. I completely agree with you. I think that these words ARE limiting, and I think that’s a very nice way of putting it. While I understand the statement and where they are coming from, I don’t fully agree with them.

  6. vincent taylor says:

    Romanesque architecture combined the influences of Roman and Byzantine styles.
    As for Gothic architecture, the style was born in the mid-12th century with the intention of making churches look like heaven: soaring, colorful, and bright which is strange that kids these days seem to relate the word “gothic” with darkness. The beginning of the renaissance seemed to me to be more of a dark period which was the rebirth of the culture of man just after the middle or “dark” ages. This was a time when civilizations found new avenues to take in the progression of the arts, science, government etc. I found Ghiberti’s East Doors to be eye catching, I mean what detail right? On doors! That had to take some real time and effort. It wasn’t just the images on the doors but the urban legend surrounding them. Now for unappealing I would have to say Lorenzo Maitani, Last Judgment. It’s somewhat terrifying to look at because of its emphasis of horrified people facing those hellish monsters; it overwhelms me with an uneasy feeling.

  7. vincent taylor says:

    I really didn’t have a preference in style of either Romanesque or gothic. I’m just more of a modern art person myself. I mean these styles are great and work well for someone interested for the most part in something like interior design or architecture but for me I’m just not a big fan or the artist or works produced during these eras. Beauvais Cathedral was another image on a slide I was happy to get away from. I just don’t like dark and ominous buildings and images. I need color. something bright that’s going to make me feel good, or have me crack a smile or make me think of something other than death and devastation.

  8. jessica baker says:

    I really don’t find myself really drawn to any one of these in particular. I mean it’s amazing the architect work done on the buildings and the details done with the stained class. But I feel it’s a labeled piece of art that you can’t really relate to unless you believe in a certain religion and thats a whole another controversy.

  9. Brandon Booth says:

    Response to the Romanesque and Gothic Art Power Point:

    I find the art on the slide concerning the Romanesque and Gothic work to be spectacular. Virtually all of it was pertaining to architecture, with the exception of the Bayeux Tapestry, so I found the slide to be a little narrow in its view of art towards the Romanesque and Gothic art forms. However, one could argue that architecture is the center of importance for those brands of art.

    Although I like both style very much, I would have to say my preference is for Gothic art. The reason for it, is mostly because I have more experience with the Gothic – and the difference between seeing a cathedral on a computer screen, and gazing up at with your own eyes, is without equal. In particular, I was hoping to see the Cologne Cathedral on this slide, for, in my travels, that was the cathedral I have viewed that has impressed me the most. It is a Gothic Cathedral, perhaps built a little to late for this slide. From the base, when one looks up at it, one cannot see the top, but rather it appears to be a never-ending of black wall stretching towards the heavens, with every inch of it engraved with holy images. They simply do not build structures like that today.

    The image that intrigued my sense of value in the arts the most has to be the Bayeux Tapestry – not so much for its aesthetic value, but more for its importance in recording and preserving history.

    Which image left me disinterested… That’s a hard one. Perhaps slide 46 that portrayed no images, but only a quote? haha. There’s no one image I disliked. Perhaps the image of the blueprints of Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, mainly because I didn’t fully understand them, and they reappeared on several slides.

  10. Lauren Lantrip says:

    Blog Response: I disagree with this statement. I agree that Michelangelo and Raphael are great and they are geniuses in their work, but I don’t think that just because there aren’t any other artists now that are just like them, doesn’t mean that no one else has the same amount of genus. It would seem repetitive if people decided to repeat and re-do the work that they had already done. People would get annoyed with seeing the same art-style repeated over and over again. Michelangelo and Raphael, were all apart of an art awakening. Before them, artists weren’t revered for all of their creativity, just because there aren’t that are creating the same amount of buzz doesn’t mean that there aren’t artists that are as capable. Art has lost a lot of it’s respect over the years, and it there are a lot of other distractions that are out there that take away from the artists work as our society becomes more and more modern.

    Renaissance Learning Module: The founding theories of the Renaissance are very interesting to me. The acceptance of the nude body and the analytical look at the human figure was very new and different. People were starting to see the pure beauty that is found in the naked body. Also, the contrast between the battle of pagan ideas and christian ideas was a big culprit of the artwork created in this time. The image that impacted me the most in this learning module was Lorenzo Maitani’s “The Last Judgment” because it exemplifies the battle between the christian ideals at this time. The images that I found most unappealing were probably the images at the very beginning of the learning module (they aren’t named) but the wall sculptures of the people facing the light as a source of enlightenment. The images just seemed very dark and sinister, and I just didn’t really identify with these images as much as the other ones.

    Romanesque and Gothic Learning Module: I really like the Gothic art seen in this learning module. Even though it is pretty dark I found it to be interesting. In contrast with the very religious art seen in the Renaissance, it is interesting to see the very dark and sinister ideas expressed in the Gothic style. Although the Gothic type of art is still heavily based in religion. The picture of the Chartres was absolutely breath-taking. I thought it was just completely amazing to see what they were able to create at that time. I would love to be able to see that in person. It just expresses so much. I wonder if they meant to use that shade of grey in the construction, or if it just faded to that color over the years. Either way, it’s a beautiful color and I think it symbolizes a number of the ideas expressed in the Gothic time period. One of my least favorite pictures in this learning module was probably the picture of Abbot Suger, because although I realize the effort and the beauty of stained glass artwork, I just didn’t really identify with this piece. I don’t think that this particular picture of him was incredibly descriptive or detailed.

  11. Brandon Booth says:

    Response to the Opening Thoughts on the Renaissance Power Point:

    It seems like humanities view of the human body has taken a step backwards, in regards to the Acient Greeks’ views, and Christianity that followed. It does make sense that Christianity’s views on the naked form would be seen as “an object of humiliation and shame,” considering the tale of Adam & Eve. But taking that further, when living in a society that keeps oneself clothed, and to find yourself suddenly naked, there’s a sense of exposure and vulnerability that one feels, and I think the people of the renaissance felt that way as well.

    The image I enjoyed most was that of Ghiberti’s East Doors, particularly the image that shows the close-up of one of the bronze panels. I find this kind of work amazing – the detail is beyond what a human being would seem capable of. I have been to San Fransisco, but I did not know about the Grace Cathedral or the bronze doors located there. I have added it to my list of things to see.

    The image I found most “unappealing” was probably Michelangelo’s Crucifixion. Its not bad, but compared to the other work on this slide, I found it the least exciting. Also, there’s just so many works portraying the crucifixion out there in the world, its starts becoming monotonous, despite its importance.

  12. Brandon Booth says:

    Genius or Progression?

    I’m confused, was it Blake who held these theories, or was it Reynold?
    Regardless, I would say that I have to agree with this concept. Art is not progressive, but merely sways in and out of styles along with culture. There is no “improving upon” the likes of Michelangelo and Raphael. They are what they are – genius. And yes, I agree with the concept of “genius.” There are just those who are born with such amazing artistic talent, and with the mentality to go along with the skills.

  13. Kindra Cadet says:

    In the learning module, I find myself drawn most to the Lorenzo Maitani, Last Judgement. It is unique in that there are so many bodies and all of them are contorted in an odd position, wrapped around each other. Some of the people appear to be very thin, almost as if they are starving. The suffering and humiliations shows clearly on their many of their faces and in their body language. It is a striking piece of art that you cannot help but stop and study. I am least drawn to the Kritios Youth, Greek piece of artwork. Although it is designed with great detail, it appears to be unfinished with the missing leg and arms. This was obviously done on purpose, but is confusing to me.

  14. Kindra Cadet says:

    In response to my thoughts on that era, it also seems that a main focus of the Renaissance period had to do with the naked human body. Many of the pieces depict the body in a very real way and with much detail. It represents “grace and truth”. The body is also associated with both pride and shame depending on the era it was created and the piece of work. I find this interesting. Even today, we have the same views regarding the human body, although we are more reserved about displaying it than they were back then.

  15. Alex-Arthur Williams says:

    Romanesque & Gothic Art:
    While both artforms are known for their architecture I like the Gothic Art more then the Romanesque. I like the way in Gothic art they like to use stained glass in their churches. I have been in many churches that use stained glass and they have been all unique in design and they still bring in bright light. Seeing the images of the glass in the Chartres shows a very unique design while being very colorful. Their was no image I didn’t like but I would have like to seen more example of how the when Romanesque style was popular how they documented other historic events like they did with the Bayeux Tapestry.

  16. Mitch Cain says:

    Learning Module: Romanesque to Gothic

    I view Romanesque and Gothic art, especially the architecture, as perhaps some of the most beautiful works ever crafted by mankind. The seemingly gravitiy defying churches, the ornate glass windows, the intricate details that went into carving the stone all make these pieces masterful. If I had to choose between the two, I would say that I prefer Gothic art over Romaneque although I find them both beautiful styles. I think what attracts me to Gothic art in particular is, as described in the powerpoint, the extremem “slenderness” used in the architectural forms. When architecture is drawn upward in a thin yet powerful way it gives a air of majesty to the particular structure. The Hugo of St. Victor piqued my interest the most. It really is amazing, even looking at it a picture. What really inspires me about this work is to think of the labor that went into creating it. The detail and tenderness of care that had to be implimented is truly amazing. On the other hand, the several shots of Pisa left me wanting. Perhaps it is due to the way the Tower of Pisa has become a cliche reference and joke in our modern culture and that I have seen images of it many many times. It is still and impressive work of architecture, but certainly left me disinterested.

    Reynolds’ Notion of Genius

    I agree fully with Reynolds. I belive that genius is contained within and it is something you clearly cannot teach or learn. If it were, we could all be geniuses. Futhermore, to attribute on person’s genius to their predecessor does a disservice to the person to which you are referring. Each artist must stand on their own as a genius or not. That said, in our society (which is heavily influenced by post-modern thought) the term ‘genius’ has become rather subjective. I don’t know if any consensus really exists on what it means to be a genius at this point. While I might find a piece of art offensive and distasteful, others may view it as a masterpiece that defines our times. I hope I am wrong, but I see that we are in a world where opinion often dominates what is an attempt at objective thought.

  17. Asia Polee says:

    I agree with Reynolds’ notion of what is considered genius. Although the use of the term genius does not include every potential artist, only those who are chosen as gifted. That said a genius stands alone entirely above all other potential artists and sometimes it takes the end of one genius to make an impact for the creation the next era of geniuses.

    Learning Module Renaissance:
    On the founding theories behind the Renaissance the exposure of pure nakedness is both revealing and quite bold. All of the images around that time period of great artists were not shameful of the human body modesty was not even relevant. The image that I was most drawn to was the “Nike of Samothrace” because of its godliness of grace, softness and purity, almost tranquil. The image I found most unappealing was Lorenzo Maitanis’ piece “Last Judgment.” I do get the message behind the art I just don’t feel as connected or emotional as I did with the “Nike of Samothrace” piece.

  18. Robin McKinney says:

    William Blake, in his Annotations to Sir Joshua Reynolds Discourses (1808) stated: ”If art was progressive we should have had Michelangelos and Raphaels to succeed and improve upon each other. But it is not so. Genius dies with its possessor and comes not again until another is born with it.”

    I believe in geniuses in the field of art and I do not believe they come around often. I think it is left up to interpretation of art critics if the artist is considered genius, because art changes with the times. People’s impressions of the art is changed and molded by what is considered at that time to be popular. To say that art is not progressive, is one’s opinion. There are different mediums used in this time than in the past and maybe in the art world the art is considered progressive. I’m not sure because I have only had a glimpse as to what is out there. To my understanding it takes by chance or by hard work to be noticed. Someone has to discover the artist, so whose to say the genius of this time is not out there, but maybe just has not been discovered.

    • Kelly Mamo says:

      I think the techniques have become progressive but I agree with you saying that art is left up to interpretation. It’s hard to know what will become mainstream or popular and many create for commercial purposes these days.

  19. Kristian Garcia says:

    Powerpoint Romanesque/Goth:
    I think that romanesque and gothic artwork is very cool. Romanesque i noticed uses a lot of arches and circular shapes but i really like the gothic art. I like how they made is to grand and large as if each cathedral was a palace for god rather than just a “house.” It is interesting how they balanced the look and feel of the cathedral. for example, they made the cathedrals large, scary, dark places but they but these large colorful, beautiful, stained glass so worshipers can bathe in gods true light.
    I thought the “Gates of Paradise” are pretty cool. I liked how detailed the figures and objects on each panel were. I also thought it was cool how Ghiberti included points from the bible to signify with the church and the doors. Even the name of the door signifies the meaning of the baptistry. because in Christianity, you can’t enter paradise unless your baptized. I pretty much liked all the images on the slides. I didn’t have any images that i was disinterested in.

  20. Sean Reilly says:

    I find Romanesque art to be very inspiring and religious based. It is no secret that the Roman world revolved around Christianity as did the art they created. As shown in the learning module, nearly all of Romanesque art has a hindrance of Christianity in its core. I find this art to be very intriguing and inspiring to a world filled with Christians just like myself. Gothic art however, is in a class all of its own. The styles portrayed in the Gothic castles is unmatched by any artwork or architecture in history. I have always had a strong interest in castles and find myself intrigued by their architecture. If forced to chose a favorite I would without a doubt chose the Gothic style due to the sharp edges and drastic changes that it brings to the art and architecture world.

    The image in the learning module that intrigued me the most was that of the Beauvais Cathedral in the Gothic portion. I find the architecture of it to be very unique and prominent to the time it was built. The fact that the picture is displayed in black and white gives it a mystique that is unparalleled by any other image in the powerpoint. The image that left me disinterested was without a doubt the Abbot Suger stain glass window included in the Gothic portion of the module. I have never had an interest in stain glass and have found it only to fit in a church type atmosphere. I do understand that the image is in fact a portrait of Saint Denis, however, I do not find myself having a strong appreciation for the art behind it.

    I find myself agreeing with Reynolds on the topic of genius in the arts as without a doubt art is unlike any other field in that manner. If one were to compare art to technology they are completely opposite. In the case of technology one man can create an innovating piece of machinery that will forever change the world, however, once that machine is created any man can build upon it (patent pending). But in the case of art, the genius is within the man entirely and he can only mentor other artists without the ability to gift talent. This is what makes art so special; art is unlike anything else in this world and it is for that reason that we must value it and celebrate the genius while we still can.

  21. Casey Teator says:

    I would have to say that Romanesque art is based on religion and more particularly Christianity. It seems that Romanesque art is still with us today because of all the churches that we have and designs that we have. Gothing, on the other hand, is much different. It is more about castles in my point of view and the only castles we really see are the historical ones. We dont really go around building castles in this period of time like we used to back in the day. Some of the history of art follows us like Romanesque and some just stays historical like Gothic.

    If i had to pick a style, I would have to go with Romanesque. Im more about looking at the different churches and the desgins of them rather than the Gothic art.

    The odd part about picking what images i liked more is that I chose Gothic pictures over Romanesque. I do like Gothic art in a sense because of the colors they use. For example, there was a picture of stained glass that just always catches my eyes. I love the colors and the designs that they use. Gothic art like that is what I like the most. One image that I didnt care for would be a Romanesque picture. It would be the tapestry one. I do like some tapestry but it really has to be something interesting for me to actually stop and focus on it.

  22. dana vargas says:

    I disagree with the comment made by Blake mainly because I see art as something where beauty is in the eye of the beholder. What he saw as genius may not be what someone else considers genius. That is one thing that I find fascinating about art, different people can look at the same piece of artwork and get a different emotion or depiction from it. it’s amazing. As far as genius dying with it’s possessor, I also disagree. I think that the artist lives on through the art that they left behind. As long as their art is still admired, their genius is still present, in my opinion.

    • Kelly Mamo says:

      What you say about art being subjective is very true. I also agree with you about artist living on through their art. Sometimes it isn’t even appreaciated until after the artist has past away.

  23. Robin McKinney says:

    Between the Romanesque and Gothic art, I like the over all Romanesque, but I love the Gothic stained glass. Some of the Gothic buildings were of little interest to me, but I respect the style. I appreciate the theories and the interesting history behind all the Romanesque, Gothic, and Renaissance art. I’m not sure how much is true in fact or how much is just telling an interesting story in order to sell the art. In the Renaissance slides, I loved Ghilberti’s East Doors. I enjoyed the story and the attention to detail. I appreciate the hard work and time they had to have used to create the detailed images in the bronze. The image I found unappealing was the Lorenzo Maitani’s “Last Judgment”. I did not dislike completely, rather I found it to be interesting and I found respect for the detail shown on the image. I felt uncomfortable with the monstrous images and the skeletal images of the “Christians cowering”.

  24. Kelly Mamo says:

    If art was progressive we should have had Michelangelos and Raphaels to succeed and improve upon each other. But it is not so. Genius dies with its possessor and comes not again until another is born with it.” Do you agree with Reynolds’ notion of genius? What are your thoughts on genius in the arts?

    I think I agree with that statement. Michelangelo and Rafael were artist genuises fro thier time. I don’t see may geniuses in the arts these days. The knowledge and technology is way more advanced than in the time period of Michelangelo. it’s not as awe inspiring today.I have to give credit to the archietects that have created some of todays amazing buildings, especially the newest wonder in Dubai. Geniuses in the arts do not come around very often and most often they do not build and improve upon each other but try new, innovative things.

  25. Alex-Arthur Williams says:

    Blog Post Response

    I agree totally with William Blake’s statement about genius in art because if their was great artist like Michelangelo & Raphale that came after them we would remember their name and work. What takes a professional or artist in any field to be considerd famous or “a genius” in their field of work it does take hard work, determination, and love for what they do; Besides being all that to become a genuis in art, to get back to William’s quote, you have to come up with your own work, not copying off of other artist before you.

  26. Shay Lamm says:

    Learning Module gothic/romanesque
    Out of the two gothic or Romanesque I think they both are similar in different ways, the romanesque is more about the church and being a symbol of it and I think the gothic art was more dark and ominous. I don’t have a really big preference on either of the two because they are really alike to me. The picture I liked the most was the Pisa Bella tower I think that tower is very beautiful and was a soft inviting place and I could just imagine what the inside looked like. The god as architect of the world disinterested me the most because it really didn’t say anything to me.

  27. Shay Lamm says:

    Learning module renaissance
    My thoughts on the founding theories of the renaissance about the nudity was weird, the body is a beautiful things that is different from every single individual and the fact that they believed it was a shame to show that is weird. When before the body was displayed as a good thing. I really like the florence baptistery I think it is very pretty and it looks like something out of a story I was very drawn to it because it was must like the Pisa Bella tower it was soft and looked inviting. The one image that I was mostly. Or interested in was the last judgement because I don’t understand how they were all nude and it was a shameful act.

  28. Shay Lamm says:

    I believe that genius does die with the possessor so in a way I do believe with Blake’s comment but I also believe that people learn off of each other and that genius some hoe can be passed onto to others and in there own way is changed into geniusness.

  29. Brianna Maxim says:

    Learning Module: Romanesque and Gothic Art

    I think that both Romanesque and Gothic art are unique. Their building styles and art all look really interesting. I appreciate both art forms and architecture. They both make rather tall buildings and put a lot of detail in them. I do like Gothic architecture a little more simply because all the cathedrals and everything look like castles. They just look really neat. I do like the Romanesque style Capital Gate, Abu Dhabi. That looks really cool to. My favorite picture would have to be the first picture for the Gothic architecture that was golden in the interior with all the lit candles. I liked it because it looked really sophisticated and open. The candles really portrayed the holiness of the area. There wasn’t a picture that left me disinterested. They were all really cool.

  30. Brianna Maxim says:

    Learning Module: Renaissance

    I don’t think that the body should have become an object of shame. Our bodies are our bodies. we were born this way and before, we were fine with the natural body that god(s) gave us and made it a point to embody this sense of carnal beauty in sculptures. Why would God say that being naked is a sin if he created us this way? What part of our bodies bring shame? if they were so repulsive, why do we have them? Being human, we are drawn to the sensual idea of skin and everything. The picture I was most drawn by was Ghiberti’s East Doors. The artist worked so hard to complete them and each one held a story. i appreciate all the work that must have been and the beauty of them. The image I didn’t really care for was Lorenzo Maitani, Last Judgment because I don’t think that the body is something shameful.

  31. Brianna Maxim says:


    I do not agree with the quote at all. Sure there are pieces of artwork that people would consider brilliant and ‘genius’ since many of these artworks have been renowned throughout art history, but I do not think that art evolves from artists before them. I think that every artists is unique and try out new thing. They could practice using older styles and combine them to create their own way and every art should be considered individually. Some people will love a piece of artwork and still others will hate it. Beauty and genius is in the eye of the beholder.

  32. dana vargas says:

    What are your thoughts on the founding of the theories behind the Renaissance?
Which image did you find yourself most drawn to as far as “liking” and why?
Which image did you find the most “unappealing” and why?

    My thoughts on the founding theories behind the Renaissance were basically a “break away” from the norm. This was a huge leap for art! I mean, art went from not being focused on the human body to completely being focused on the human body and nudity. I think it was an eye opening experience for artists everywhere, which lead to art we are able to appreciate today.
    The image that I liked the most was definitely Ghiberti’s East Doors. It is amazing how you can see the details on each one of the panels. I imagine this took a lot of work to make. I also like that it is depicting scenes from the Old Testament. What a creative way to depict them! I wish I could see this in person.
    The image that I disliked the most was without a doubt Lorenzo Maitani’s “Last Judgment”. There is so much pain and sorrow in each of their faces, it actually depressed me a little to look at this image. To be quite honest, I hope I never come across this image again. These poor people look like they’re in complete desperation.

  33. dana vargas says:

    Response to Romanesque and Gothic art learning module:

    I was very impressed with this learning module! It is gorgeous. I love both styles of the Romanesque and the Gothic art periods. The cathedrals of the Romanesque are breath taking. I love the stained glass windows that are present in the Gothic slides. If I had to pick one that I enjoyed more, I would say definitely Gothic, but I still recognize that they are both quite beautiful. The image that intrigued me the most was the Sainte Chapel in Paris. I really adore all the stained glass windows in this Chapel. The slide that left me the least amused and waiting for the next slide was the one that featured Saint Pierre Jamb Statue. I think it is kind of dull and dreary. It reminds me of a gargoyle and I am not a fan of gargoyles (they scare me!).

  34. Sela Tuamoheloa says:

    I agree with Reynolds’ notion of genius. Just like a singer, an artist is born with talent. You cannot “progressively“ pass this on. It bothers me when artists’ have to claim they are “self taught” because so many do not understand this and think you can “learn” or be trained to become an artist. You could possibly hide the fact that you didn’t have talent with technique, just like some singers can use technology to alter their voices. However, ultimately you can only go so far unless you actually have talent.
    As far as people saying there are no genius’ today, I have to strongly disagree with that. There are great artists today, some even making millions of dollars off their work, while they are alive!

  35. Kelly Mamo says:

    I have to say that I am more inpressed with the Gothic style. I love the stained glass and the ornateness of the cathedrals. I was especially drawn to Notre Dame in Paris because I have been inside of it durign a service. It was absolutely breathtaking. I have to admit, I was also drawn to the leaning tower of Pisa because visiting the bell tower is on my bucket list. I was surpirsed to learn that although the tower was structurally reworked, they didn’t want to correct the lean too much. I can’t say which slide caused me to want to move on since they were all rather intriging.

  36. Helen Marie Brandon says:

    Module Gothic and Romanesque: I preferred the Gothic style versus the Romanesque. Maybe it’s because the Gothic styles tended to lean toward a more dramatic look. I liked the towers of the cathedrals and the arches inside the cathedrals. I did not really care for the animal-focused architecture of the Romanesque style. I always found gargoyles to be intimidating, definitely not somewhere I would feel welcome. With the Gothic style is a little overstated, I think it’s in a beautiful way. I really liked the stained glass windows.

    The one that intrigued me the most was the Sainte-Chapelle, Paris. This is definitely a representation of what I think art should be. It was clearly well-done, with an artistic vision. It was clearly something that was meant to last a long time. The vertical forms are just beautiful.

    What disinterest me the most was the Bayeux Tapestry of the Romanesque style. Death and violence… it’s not what I look for in a piece of art. I want something that enlivens hope, happiness, or even something that leaves me mystified. I just wanted to keep going through the PowerPoint with that one.

    Module Renaissance:

    I think the founding of the Renaissance art was interesting. They found texts to support the nakedness in their art, and art went from people being “shamefully naked” to being full of “grace and truth” over their nakedness.

    The piece I enjoyed the most was the Nike of Samothrace. She is the ultimate divine beauty. I think it’s interesting that she has no head. I believe this is for viewers to imagine all sorts of beauties in her place. She’s not just one woman but many. Since a saw it in one of our other modules, I have been drawn to it. The artist did an amazing job.

    The Last Judgment by Maitani was the least appealing for me. The people look so tortured… apparently by their shameful nakedness. It’s almost painful to look at the expressions on their faces.

    Blog post:

    I do agree with Reynolds’ notion of genius. If it were so easy to spout an artistic genius, we would have a whole world full of beautiful art; instead we have the few legendary pieces and many mediocre ones. Unfortunately, we have to wait for ages for another Leonardo or Michelangelo to show up. It doesn’t just go from one generation to the next… Geniuses are simply born or they’re not.

  37. Bonnie Sam says:

    ”If art was progressive we should have had Michelangelos and Raphaels to succeed and improve upon each other. But it is not so. Genius dies with its possessor and comes not again until another is born with it.” I agree with the quote because genius’ are rare to come across. People may be smart and quick witted, but genius is a completely different meaning. The quality possessed by ‘geniuses’ lives within the being and once that being passes away, the quality is also dead. William Blake’s annotations implicates that the geniuses like Michelangelo and Raphael would also progressively learn from one another and succeed together, yet it’s not so because geniuses seem to come one at a time and the time period don’t lapse. Also, geniuses are born with the quality and chosen by ‘fate’ in certain beliefs which can’t be controlled by humans.

    Romanesque and Gothic Art
    It seems that Romanesque art makes me classify it as a traditional style of Europe’s building structures. The broad columns and white, pale stone attracts my attention because I personally love these structures. In contrast, Gothic art seems very crowded, but colorful with dark edges. The surroundings of the windows seems to constantly cast a dark shadow around the colors. I don’t prefer the style of Gothic art because I don’t like the stained glass designs in each structured building. I do however like the meanings that Gothic art had such as the circular influences that represent the eternity of one God and triangles symbolizing the Holy Trinity. The symbols seem to play a big role in the art created which is what I admire with value though. When I browsed through the various cathedrals, I didn’t like the style of Gothic influence. I agree with Giogio Vasari regarding Gothic art because I feel bombarded with the protruding designs and aspects of the building and the cathedrals seem very monstrous. It almost feels as though the cathedral was towering over mankind like a monster. Throughout the powerpoint, I did like the different styles. They were both interesting and insightful to learn about even though I disliked certain Gothic influenced art pieces.

  38. Margaret de la Rosa says:

    Romanesque to Gothic module:

    I find Romanesque and Gothic art to be equally interesting. The Romanesque style was clearly influenced by the Romans’ very structured and symmetrical style. I love the Leaning Tower of Pisa because I am somehow drawn to its uneven-ness and unorthodox stature. I am glad that they did everything in their power to try to maintain this amazing structure and its well-known lean. The Gothic style also appealed to me because of its abstractness. The stained glass associated with Gothic art is also very interesting to me. Whenever I hear the word “gothic”, grand European cathedrals always come to mind. As far as my preference, I don’t really prefer one over the other as I think they both have something unique to bring to the table. I like both styles because they are beautiful in their own way. Two images–the Tower of Pisa and chartres–intrigued my sense of value in the arts the most. The picture of the Beauvais Cathedral was the most disinteresting to me as dark and creepy images came to mind.

  39. Margaret de la Rosa says:

    I agree with this quote by Reynolds as I feel a ‘genius’ is born and not made. Geniuses are those who are innately gifted and do not need to try as hard to excel in their particular field. I agree that art is definitely not progressive because if it was, this would be a whole different ballgame. People can imitate styles all they want, but at the end of the day, a true art connoisseur will be able to detect a fraud from an original. A pure ‘genius’ in the arts only comes around once in a while and when they do, there’s no denying the fact that they are head and shoulders above everyone else.

  40. Romanesque and Gothic Art:
    My thoughts on Romanesque and gothic art are that they are both relevant to worship and they both contain different styles in order for the people to join within the buildings. It seems as if Gothic structures have more of a fantasy edge, although dark features are presented, it shows great examples of color in order to illuminate the images as seen on the stained glass. Romanesque art seems generic to me compared to gothic art.
    I prefer gothic art because of the stained glass example, it really shows that the art is based on dark and light environments in my opinion.
    The Sainte- Chapelle intrigued me the most, it amazed me by the height of the structure as well as the sharp arches that the interior contains. Also the stained glass caught my eye because it’s not like traditional painting and sculpting, it has the values of color to add to dimensions of the art within the glass. I can honestly say that I did not dislike any of the art pieces.

    I think that the theories all hold equal value because of the culture’s that can interpret it. One culture can add more value to it while another culture can add more theoretical approaches to the art.
    I personally liked “Ghiberti’s East Doors” because the images within the plates consist of a story that was created many years ago. It amazed me to see how they can come up with the scenarios displayed in the stories, it makes me think, did some of the characteristics of the figures actually happen?

  41. Marel Gil says:

    I also agree with the quote that ‘genius’ is born and not made. I think that those who are gifted have it and the rest just dont. But I also feel that you can improve what you lack in but can never really strive to reach the one’s who are geniuses.

    I think that from both of the two, Romanesque and Gothic, I would have to say that Gothic is my favorite of the two. Of course, Romanesque has its good things like the Leaning Tower of Pisa but the Gothic architecture is so much more interesting with its castle like stuctures and with all those pretty stained windows everywhere. There is nothing wrong with simitry in the structures but in my liking, I would have to say that the towers and windows is what draws me into the Gothic architeture more than anything else. I feel that the Romanesque is simple compared to the Gothic. There doesn’t seem to be room for creativity even though again I think that the Leaning Tower is great. I did not know that there was much construction done to make sure that it would stay that way and not fall over. What intrigued my self of value was the stained windows. The windows themselves are the “canvases” and they tell a story. They are nothing compared to real life renditions of the people themselves but they are just so beautifully put together like the Rose windows. The one image that didnt interest me at all was the Saint-Sernin. I think that it is very interesting that the building itself is that of the cross but compared to the Pisa Cathedral, it is lacking majestic beauty. The buildings just seem to just be too similiar that the white of the Cathedral is much more appealing that just the exteriar of Saint-Sernin.

  42. Alexia Betts says:

    Romanesque to Gothic
    I think Romanesque art possesses a nostalgic quality that alludes to ancient Roman artistry, while adding a bigger better nuance of artistic architecture. For instance, the Saint-Pierre Abbey Cloister is an artistic allusion to the Colosseum while also being more extensively detailed and more accessible. I prefer Gothic style, though because it is narrative, pious, and excessive. The over the topness of Gothic artistry truly encompasses the word’s definition: monstrous and barbarous. The Milan Cathedral was outstanding; it really captured my eye. Actually, none of the images left me disinterested. All of the cathedrals are unique and architecturally dynamic.

  43. jessica baker says:

    I agree that the genius dies with the professor; I believe people are born with it. Its a certain quality. Art isn’t progressive its a different way thinking . If there is genius in art its very rare. But also art isn’t as important as it was past.

  44. Renaissance Response:
    The founding theory of the Renaissance I liked because they saw the naked body as art given to them from the havens and embraced it. I liked Ghiberti’s East Doors which gives picture depictions of events in the Old Testament like a durable documentation of them and the images make the doors a art piece that people would like to look at more then once. I don’t like Lorenzo Maitani’s Last Judgment because it gives a scary image of the suffering the people had to go through because of their nakedness..

  45. Marel Gil says:

    Renaissance Response:
    I think that the founding theories are very interesting. Its so interesting how things just shifted gears and went from worshipping gods in whatever form they may be; naked or not. I also find it to be interesting that this is where nudity turns out to be something shameful. The image that i liked the most was that of the door of Ghiberti that depicted scenes from the Old Testament. I think it would be very interesting to see doors in person and see what scenes seemed to be the most important ones from all of the Old Testament. Its so fascinating that so many people wanted these doors and that they ended up on display. The image that was least appealing to me would have to be Adam and Eve, Bamberg Cathedral. Compared to all the sculputres that we have seen up until this point have gone from good to better and I feel that these just fall short of all the great ones that have been produced up until this point. the statues have no real likeness to them and they seem so plain.

    • Brittany Rowland says:

      I believe that evrything shifted in a bad way, but I can understand what your saying about nudity turned to something shameful. To think of art as a piece of beauty should be able to be interpreted by those who view it. I think that the renaissance era made people believe that it was wrong to think a piece with nudity in it was beautiful.

  46. Tasha Jenkins says:

    I agree with Blake that when it comes to the arts, genius dies with the possessor. New ideas, tactics, or forms of art may be developed and artists may be able to learn from each other in that way, but you cannot “learn” talent, you can only learn how to use it and expand your talent abilities with practice. Also, while some artists may be considered genius in the arts, the term is still highly arguable. When it comes to something like math, things can be proven or disproven, which makes using the term genius easier to define. When it comes to the arts, what some people may hold an artist in high regard, others may not like the artist or the work of the artist.

    • Brittany Rowland says:

      I agree that you cannot learn talent, to me it is a gift that one is born with. I think that a great artist that produces genius work is destined to do that. It is a characteristic inherited by birth and cannot be taught to others.

  47. Tasha Jenkins says:

    Module 11
    I did not know the meaning behind the images behind Romanesque and Gothic art until now. I found the module interesting in that sense, but I was not particularly drawn to any of the images shown in the module. If I had to choose, I prefer Romanesque to Gothic art because Romanesque art has an interesting spin on it, but Gothic art seems cold, proper, and uninviting.

    I enjoyed the Capital Gate in Abu Dhabi the most, but this is a modern piece. Out of the classical Romanesque pieces I enjoyed the Pisa Baptistery over the rest. I like that there are seemingly several types of pieces, and several copies of each piece, to make up the whole structure. I think another reason I like this piece is the beautiful scenery that it is in. The green grass, beautiful blue skies, and the peaceful clouds really add to the feel of this piece, which obviously will vary greatly.

    My least favorite piece from this module is the Chartres Cathedral. I may be in the minority because it is a magnificent piece, but it seems cold and uninviting to me, much like the rest of the Gothic pieces.

  48. Tasha Jenkins says:

    I agree that even the modern arts and societies are shocked by nudity and I think this is a shame. Our bodies are what we have to work with, they should be celebrated and accepted, but this is not the case. I don’t like that this belief was changed once Christianity took over and that the body was seen as something to be covered and ashamed of. Bodies of all types are interesting to me and should be celebrated. My favorite two pieces from this module are Nike of Samothrace and the Greek Riace Warrior. I like them because they celebrate nudity, or cover the body a little bit to leave some aspects to the imagination, but do so in a way that celebrates the human body.

    The most unappealing piece to me from Module 12 is Lorenzo Maitani’s Last Judgment. You might be able to guess why this is based on my earlier statements. The people look like creatures that I would imagine depicting soulless creatures from the depths of Hell, looking to corrupt and such the life out of anything they come across. It’s a shame they all must coward together in such a way. It also reminds me of the Jews clinging to one another while they are being tortured and murdered. This piece does not make me think of beauty.

  49. Joshua Nelson says:

    Response to PowerPoint: It makes sense that Christian views on nudity would be seen as an object of humiliation and shame, due to the story of Adam and Eve. When someone is naked, there’s a sense of exposure and vulnerability that person feels, somewhat insecure. That may have what the renaissance felt like when they were exposed. The image that I find myself most drawn to as far as “liking” was the Lorenzo Maitani, Last Judgment. It very dark and eerie, looking at this piece makes me think of life after death. The image I did find the most “unappealing” is the Adam and Eve Bamberg Cathedral mainly because of what it stood for. “Transition from pagan to Christianity, the body became an object of humiliation and shame.”

    Response to Post: I disagree with Reynolds notion of genius. I believe the word could be applied to anything to any person, depending upon the reason and belief. Art I guess can be genius, But again depending upon the persons insights. I can think one piece of art can be genius but another person could think it looks like crap. It all comes down to personal preference

  50. Daniela Carrasco says:

    I disagree with the statement that was said. I think that when a genius dies, yes their own genius dies but not the genius that they influenced on others. I think that every artist inspires other artists. The sharing of ideas can be seen as a genius artist teaching a student. The artwork influences other artist and they start to grow their own genius. I feel that just because a genius dies does not mean that the entire inspiration disapprears. I think that oonce a genius dies a new one is born.

  51. Daniela Carrasco says:

    Response- Theories behind Renaissance
    I was not aware of the upcoming of renaissance prior to this module. I found it very interesting that the human virtue was very contraversial. I see how Christianity viewed naked bodies as a sense of offense. I never thought of it in that manner.
    The image that I enjoyed the most was Nick Of Samothrace. I have seen that image before and I really enjoy it. I find it very interesting the amount of detail that it contains. Although the statue does not have any arms it still portrays a strong message. The image that I did not enjoy was Lorenzo Maitoni, Last Judgemenr. I really did not enjoy seeing this image becasue I was greatly disturbed. I did not enojy all the suffering bodies that were illustrated. I think that it is a very sad and depressing image. You can easily see and feel the suffering of the characters face.

  52. Brittany Rowland says:

    Yes, I definitely agree with Reynolds’ notion of genius. There is true genius in certain people and at certain times in life. They are born and then die a process that makes the genius of art disappear as fast as it began. Throughout history there have been artists whose works are considered genius. These artists are truly one of a kind and once they are gone, another artist usually comes years later if at all. I believe that true genius works of art are few and far between now days. There is just no raw talented artists of today that could produce genius work. To me there has been so many throughout history and they come in spurts. Many were born in the same era and produced much of the great works of art we are studying and have studied in this course.

    Romanesque and Gothic Art:
    My thought on Romanesque and Gothic art is that it is very interesting. They made gargoyles and other structures that represented confusion in the world without God’s rule. The exterior elements to the buildings remind me of the dark times and it is very medieval looking. They also have some really cool designs, like the Leaning Tower of Pisa. It is amazing to me that they could construct this bell tower and it started to lean and luckily they were able to stabilize so it could be kept as a part of history. It was so popular that they designed a building that is now a Guinness record holding structure after it. Gothic art is really intriguing to me because it has such a dark mysterious vibe to it. It makes me think of the Hunchback of Notre Dame. Like someone is hiding up in the tower of one of these dark gothic churches. It’s really very beautiful to look at. My preference would probably have to be the Romanesque because it is more refreshing to look at over the gothic form of art. They are both great styles of art.

    The image that intrigued me the most was the Milan Cathedral. It is an amazing piece of architecture to look at. The entire cathedral is so beautiful and has a great deal of detail to it. It is a massive structure and the gothic appeal brings such a mysterious look to it. The image that left me disinterested was the Abbot Suger because to me it just looked like stained glass that you can see in any church you walk into. I wasn’t really drawn to the piece of artwork like I was too much of the other slides in this lecture. It was just simple and kind of depressing to me when I looked at it.

  53. Stephanie Gonzales says:

    I found Romanesque and Gothic art to be very interesting as well as visually pleasing. It is interesting to see how different periods bring alternative ways of thinking and stress the importance of different elements. As far as these two styles I do not have a personal preference to one or the other. They are both interesting in their own way and in some aspects I found them to be slightly similar. The image I was most fond of was the image found on the “The Gothic or ‘City of Imagery’” slide. It is and image that makes me wish that I was there and able to view it in person. The warm colors and beautiful windows create a wonderful play on light and creates beauty at any time of day. The image that I found the least interesting was the Bayeux Tapestry. It is not that it isn’t a fascinating image it is just that I found the others to be even more interesting.

    I agree with Reynolds’ notion of genius, it is not something that comes to everyone and it is something one either has the talent for or doesn’t. While there may be those who are born with talent or work to improve that talent genius is not something that is available to everyone. Some are born with the natural talent to see and create and their ability along with work ethic allows them to create works that are not possible to everyone.

  54. Brittany Rowland says:

    Renaissance Module:
    The Renaissance era was definitely a change in the way people viewed the artwork. People became ashamed of the nudity portrayed by the artwork of the times and started to make the artwork turn towards Christianity. They presented their artwork with great emphasis on the shame of being naked or unclothed. They perceived the art of nudity as a sin and I just think that art is art no matter how a human body is displayed.

    I have been to the Grace Cathedral in San Francisco, so this was the picture I was most drawn to. It is such a beautiful place to look at and it is breath taking in person. It is a beautiful piece of history and the bronze doors are spectacular and have great detail to them. Even though they are replicas thay are an amazing piece of art.

    The least appealing image to me was the sculpture of Adam and Eve at the Bamberg Cathedral. They look like simple sculptures with minimal detail. They didn’t catch my eye or draw me in like great pieces of artwork usually do. Their bodies are not proportional and they lack the detail that most great sculptures consist of. The face of Eve looks like a man and not a gentle beautiful face of a woman. It is just very boring and not life like.

  55. Kelly Lytle says:

    I do agree with Reynolds’ notation of genius also. I do not consider that if you are considered a genius that you excel at everything. But everyone is a genius at something. I think that not everyone has realized or discovered their talents yet but everyone has it in them.

  56. christina lopez says:

    I agree with Reynolds that each artist has a unique talent or artistic gift that cannot be obtain my someone else. Those individuals who know how to use their talent are the ones who are famous or became famous back then. I always believe that there is no else like Leonardo or Michelangelo because one has not been born yet. But what i mean by that is that a new artists has not been born that will show the world a new unique form of art.

    • christina lopez says:


      it is very interesting the concept of nakedness becomes shameful and a great humiliation. The Greeks and Romans had no disgust for the body but tried to learn everything about it and made the body a work of art. You would think that by the Renaissance everyone would had accepted the idea of our body as a work of art. But it seems religion plays a greater role during this time than at any other period of time. I was intrigued by Lorenzo Maitani, The Last Judgment because it not only shows pain and fear but I’m a little shaken at the depiction of the last judgment. I can see that everyone depicted there is being tortured and are suffering a great pain and it is that depiction of pain and torture that scares me. It is a strong message being convey and I like how “real” he is keeping his art. However, I was uninterested in the Adam and Eve from the cathedral because i have seen better depictions of them and the one from the cathedrals look like they pay no attention to detail. It seems to me like two people are just hanging from the wall, because they are naked I suppose they are Adam and Eve. I do not find them appealing to the eyes and it looks to amateur for such a time period.

  57. Rick Blomberg says:

    What are your thoughts on Romanesque and Gothic art?
    I really enjoyed the Romanesque and Gothic art styles. I thought they were well put and the structures that were built during these time periods are amazing. They are still standing today, and are visited as much as any other historical monuments.
    The style I liked most would probably be Romanesque. It feels more crisp and clean than Gothic. Gothic feels very dark and scary. Everything is sharp and pointy. Not my style of choice. Romanesque looks more bright and fun and vibrant to me.
    The image that most intrigued me was Ghiberti’s “Sacrifice of Isaac” done in 1401. It’s done on a dark backdrop with the characters being gold. Really pops out to you. Can’t really see everything here, but the message is brought form with how everything is pieced. I wish there was a more close up shot of it. Seems like there are more than one thing happening in this piece, but they all come together for me.
    The image that I disliked the most was probably “God As Architect of The World”. I don’t like the colors, the way Jesus is portrayed and his eyes and the way his feet are. Everything about this image I dislike. Also he probably wouldn’t need a measuring tool…..

  58. Casey Teator says:

    Renaissance Florence…
    I would have to say that my thoughts on Renaissance would have to be about the style that was used. Alot of the pictures from the slides are portraits. They may not be full portraits but they are sculptures of bodies. It seems that this time period was about colors and sculptures in my point of view. The most appealing image on the slide show would have to be of the stained glass. It has the sculpture in it I guess you could say but I am mostly attracted to the bright but dark colors that are used. I have always loved the pictures of stained glass. I just find it interesting to look at and to develop a sense of what the artist was feeling when it was done. One that I did not like too much would be the Last Judgement work of art. Its just plain but at the same time alot going on. No color because it is a sculpture and I just find it unappealing. It does not attract my attention. I dont really see an attention grabber there.

  59. Michael Leary says:

    Romanesque and Gothic:

    While I don’t consider these two styles among my absolute favorites, I still find them very unique and interesting, and I still have a great appreciation for them. I really enjoy the use of stained glass windows and gargoyles on their respective styles. If I had to pick my favorite style, I think I’d settle on the Gothic style. The stained glass designs are just absolutely breathtaking, and their building structures both inside and out still leave me amazed at how something so vast can be created.

    The images that intrigued me the most were the two shots of the stained glass windows of the Chartres. I’ve always enjoyed the unique design and coloring of stained glass windows and have always marveled at just how beautiful they are.

    The least intriguing would have to be the Pisa Bell Tower. It’s not that I don’t find it fascinating, it’s just the least interesting to me because I’ve seen images of it so many times already.


    The idea that nudity was seen more in a negative light is pretty interesting, though at the same time I find it somewhat depressing. I am amazed and I do appreciate how they portrayed nudity as something to be humiliated by and ashamed.

    My favorite would have to be Lorenzo Maitani’s “Last Judgement”. It’s quite a scary little piece and does a very good job portraying the ideas held at this time. I love the look of all the sinners huddled together as they’re being surrounded by dark creatures and demons of Hell.

    My least favorite would have to be Adam and Eve on the East Doors. Of all the images in this slide show, I just couldn’t be intrigued by this. I see nothing all that exciting about it.

    Here’s what I said the last time this quote was brought up in an earlier post, and I still stand by it: I believe that every person in this world is born with the potential to be an artistic genius. For some people, it comes very naturally, and for others, it just needs to be discovered, mostly through teachings and artistic challenges. I don’t really believe genius dying with the predecessor. If that possessor were to teach others their knowledge, and even pass on their genius to others, then that artistic genius is still being carried on. Even if someone took that genius and made it into something their own, it still came from inspiration of what they were taught before by the previous possessor.

  60. Romanesque art was the artistic style that dominated in Europe from the 10th-12th century. Various monument forms that entailed sculptures, fresco painting and architectural decorations characterized the Romanesque time. These were the various aspects of Romanesque. Expression of emotions, faith and religion were done through drawings and paintings. Romanesque art depended entirely on the custom of earlier medieval times and antiquity.

    The 11th and 12th century saw the creation of the first vital monuments of Romanesque sculpture. Monastic institutions provided the main source of artistic guidance. The sculptors executed carvings for the decoration of portals of churches and ornate capitals for cloisters. The sculptures produced an extraordinary ornamental intricacy that was ecstatic in expression. Examples, of these Romanesque sculptures, are Saint Pierre Jamb Statue that served as a remainder of the troubles and confusions in a world without order of God, Saint-Pierre Abbey Cloisters suggested availability of private space meant for personal worship and meditation. Pisa Cathedral and Saint-Sernin may also serve as examples. The Pisa Cathedral’s design was a monument in glory of God that recognized Pisa. In addition, Chartres Cathedral represented statues of kings and queens. It represents a good example of early Gothic sculpture.

    Fresco painting was adversely affected by accidents of the time. However, several Romanesque wall paintings survived. The Romanesque wall paintings represented an excellent work of painters in expressing a message indirectly. Examples of such paintings include God as Architect of the World. The triangle symbolized the holy trinity while the circle represented life of one God. Milan Cathedral painting showed a form of ridicule.

    During the Romanesque period, illuminations were used. For example, in Chartres, the glass windows in the church were Holy Scriptures that kept away all hurting things and transmitted the light of True sun, which was God.
    Generally, my thought on Romanesque and gothic arts is that they helped people to follow God as their only creator. They made people seek Holy ways. In my case, I do have a preference in style, and the image that intrigued my sense of value in the art was the Notre-Dame. Bayeux Tapestry was neither attractive nor appealing for me to spend time on it.

  61. Art Romanesque is a style in architecture that is distinguished by arches that are semi-secular in shape. This architectural design was applied in Europe to construct buildings of outstanding architectural styles. This architectural design developed became more advanced in the 12th to become the Gothic style, which had arches that were pointed. The main features of art Romanesque include decorative arcading, thick walls large towers, round arches and groin vaults. All buildings that were constructed using Romanesque design had an uncomplicated appearance, and a symmetrical form that gave them an outstanding quality. The design was used to build a significant number of castles.
    However, these castles were outnumbered by churches with a mighty margin. Romanesque architectural design continued to develop in fineness, and churches that are more appealing were constructed. Future church structures that succeeded the initial ones were more spacious, and they could accommodate more worshipers. Romanesque style was expanded to accommodate the number of worshipers that was continuously swelling. For example, Saint-Pierre Abbey Cloisters provided the additional space for personal refection and worship (Browne 145). There was also the series of glowing chapels for viewing remnants.
    The other church that was constructed with Romanesque design is Saint-Serine Toulouse. Overflow crowds were well dealt with in this structure, as the structure’s plan was more accommodating, as the aisle walls were protruding for magnified nave. This program was rationally integrated, and it was an essential destination for pilgrimage. Pilgrims would travel and visit Toulouse filling all the interior spaces as they worshiped the shapes and the structures.
    Conclusively, art Romanesque was most popular architectural designs in Rome during the medieval times. Churches adopted the design and most of them were constructed with the finest plans. The designs developed with time giving birth to the modern most outstanding architectural styles and designs.

  62. Jessica Chang says:

    I do agree with Reynolds’ notion on what genius is. In fact, his words describing its position to him are my thoughts exactly. In truth, and what many who are not fond of any of the arts may never understand is that there is no one way to produce a work of art. There are no series of steps, or caste of creation, and there is no formula that leads to genius. I do believe that the artist must be born with the ability to create in whichever genre or art form that strikes the individual as interesting, or in some cases as obsessive. In the same breath, I also believe that the artist may not produce such genius works of art in any form without the experience, disposition, and passion that they have developed through their work. The question that can be asked is, without the specific subject, would da Vinci have created the ingenious Mona Lisa? Without the influence of the Catholic Church, would Michael Angelo have created a masterpiece such as that in the Sistine Chapel? The truth of the matter is that the specific works may not have been created, however, given that, and only given that the artist underwent the same passionate transformation that enables their expression of genius, other prodigal works of art will have been created.

  63. Jessica Chang says:

    Among the Renaissance theories and activity, I believe that art is surely seen through the existing of the human body. The wonder, the magnificence, the composition of the human body seems simply astronomical, and this is portrayed in many works of art during the Renaissance. Many illustrations, and sculptures are put together in reference to a overhead regard. The skies are always an objective, or influence in the pieces. An example, which I truly enjoyed, is Lorenzo Maitani’s “Last Judgment.” Each of the figures are disrobed, shamefully so in that day and age, and moving in a plea that is so human.

  64. Bonnie Sam says:

    The Renaissance era consists of strong beliefs regarding the existence of the human body because the pieces of art reveal a ‘factual’ aspect of the human body through nudity and biblical references. Ghiberti’s East Doors amazed me because the exquisite detail on the doors symbolize a reference to the Old Testament. The works contained a great deal of meaning through architectural foundations. The portrayal of the human body seems to be upheld since the various analyzed pieces focus on either the ‘matter of factness’ and humility of nudity of each figure portrayed in the work. Although these portrayals aren’t treasured today, the Renaissance period emphasized on the time and place of figures in the works to express the emotions of the piece such as Lorenzo Maitani’s “Last Judgment” because the upheld gaze above eludes the yearn for pride through the reality of shame and distress of humans.

  65. Christiane Dolores says:

    What are your thoughts on Romanesque and Gothic art? I think that the Romanesque and Gothic period was not advanced in any way. The artists and architects of that period seemed to have reused ideas from the past (some of those ideas were not done correctly, thus architecture such as the Leaning Tower of Pisa was created). Although some turned out beautiful, I think that it was by mistake. I like the history behind each piece of art, but if you look at the physical attributes of it, it’s not really anything new or different from previous periods.

    Do you have a preference in style? I truthfully like Greek and Roman style in Architecture because of the advancement in style over Romanesque and Gothic Art. It is true, where in the PowerPoint it is stated that Romanesque and Gothic Architecture is not anything that is new, but reused. However, I am very fond of stained glass. It is probably my favorite type of art in that period.

    Which image intrigued your sense of value in the arts the most? The image that intrigued my sense of value in arts the most was probably the Milan Cathedral. It definitely looked Gothic in a sense that the tops of it were very pointy and it looked very medieval. In the powerpoint, it said that this really coined the gothic term of monstrous and barbarous.

    Which image left you disinterested and you were happy to leave the slide for the next one? The image that left me disinterested was probably the Saint Pierre status on slide 3. I do not like statues of Gargoyles because I think they are hideous. However, I do think that the history behind Gargoyles is very interesting. I did not realize that Gargoyles were made to scare people to think that there would be chaos and confusion in the world without “God’s order.”

  66. Christiane Dolores says:

    I agree with Reynold’s notion of genius greatly. I believe that if genius did not exist, then everyone would be able to do the same thing and no one would be better at something than another – most especially in the arts. If art WAS progressive, then art today would be highly more superior than it was in the past. However, just like I’ve stated in previous times I’ve replied to blogs, I believe that the reason why Art has not progressed because there is no sense of NEED for it through the people. Today, people are more interested in high technological advancements, such as videos, photographs, etc. Although untrue, I think that people believe that art is not necessary anymore, which is another reason why I believe the genius in arts has not progressed.

  67. Eason Dong says:

    I completely agree with Reynold’s comment. I do believe that art genuis is borned, not trained. As a matter of fact, I think genius is borned in general. That is the reason why someone can be great, and the others can only be good. Just like he said, if the art is progressive somehow, we should not stand here and study the art from two thousand years ago. Because that should be outdated. To do a comparison, the computer major student is not going to spend one semster to study the computer invented at 1970s. So, as the conclusion, I agree with Reynold’s and I am interesting to see if we will have another genuis soon.

  68. Margaret de la Rosa says:

    Module Response- Opening thoughts on the Renaissance

    I think that the founding theories behind the Renaissance put a lot of emphasis on the importance of the human anatomy. Obviously the human body was a very dominant theme in the Renaissance era and was found on pretty much everything created during this period. However, it appeared as though there was a lot of shame in nudity. There was a lot of cowering and hiding of body parts as though the awareness of their nakedness was something very shameful. I think that art work made during this time was also very religious and had a lot of Biblical references. Adam and Eve and The Last Judgment are a couple examples that were present in Renaissance art. The image I was drawn to the most was of Ghiberti’s East Doors. The sculpting technique of the artist was amazing. Also, the whole concept of depicting scenes from the Old Testament is very intriguing to me. The image that I found most unappealing was that of Maitani’s Last Judgment. I thought it was really creepy and had a haunting feel to it. I didn’t care much for the devils and the tails as I thought that was disturbing.

  69. Eason Dong says:

    In response to learning module:
    Romanesque and Gothic art are both great art style even in nowadays. If I have to pick, I would prefer the Gothic style simply because its holy trinity. Every Gothic architecture shocks me more than the Romanesque. The Gothic Architect truely define that this style is only for god. I am not a religious person, but I have to see the god will be happy to see these masterpieces.

    It is a tough choice for me to pick a favorite picture. Milan Cathedral and Sainte-Chapelle are both my favorites. I travelled to Italy before so I saw the Milan Cathedral in my own eyes. That was amazing. I always keep wondering how are they be able to bulid this church. Sainte-Chapelle is great because it is well furnished. It is amazing to me that how can those architects finish the work on past days.

    I don’t have a picutre to dislike. To me they all masterpieces and they are full of sweat and tears of the architects.

  70. Eason Dong says:

    In response to learning module Opening thoughts on the Renaissance

    I think the most important theories about Renaissance are artists have to overcome bias and prejudices. They think change is needed for that time because the human being and the society are mature enough to face the “Naked truth.”

    I like the picture of Nike of Samothrace. I think this headless gold statue is very attractive. I think maybe it is an angle. It makes me curious to find out more.

    I don’t like the picture of Crucifixion. It is just creepy and makes me want to skip it as soon as possible.

  71. Kevin Stratton says:

    I think the word “Genius” is totally opinionated. Many people believe that Picasso is a genius but I think that he is a terrible artist. I have some artistic ability and with that ability I would be able to create pieces of art that are far better than his. I believe a huge reason as to why his art is popular is because it is abstract and weird. I think that every artist is a genius in his/her own way. There are so many artists and forms of art that it would be incredibly difficult for us to pinpoint who was truly a genius and who was not.

    • Helen Marie Brandon says:


      Picasso isn’t really to my liking either, to be honest. I’m not artistic at all, but I can appreciate artwork by many of our great artists, just not him. Some people just like the abstract. I like how you pointed out that every artist is a genius in his or her own way. However, I do believe that just a select few can be widely recognized as being truly great. I don’t think geniuses are born every day, but every artist definitely has the potential to be great in their field.

  72. Kevin Stratton says:

    Renaissance Module-

    I really feel as if pretty much all art is focused around the human body being naked. The Renaissance seems to be no different. The only thing that changed was the perspective of what being naked meant. I really like the image of all of the naked people being crouched over trying to hide their bodies. I feel as if the body is something that is natural it should be able to be interpreted in any way that the artist wants. I think that Michelangelo’s “Crucifixion” is the piece that is least appealing to me. It seems as if the bodies that are under the cross are zombies or dead people. This piece is just a turn off for me because of this.

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